It was recorded in a Hadith that Yawm-un-Nahr (The Day of Sacrifice) is the most virtuous day to Allah.
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “The greatest Day of Hajj (Yawm al-Hajj al-Akbar) is the Day of an-Nahr (Slaughtering).” (Abu Dawud)
The companions of the Prophet used to say to one another on the day of Eid تَقَبَّلَ اللهُ مِنَّا وَمِنكُم ‘TAQABBAL ALLAHU MINNA WA MINKUM’ (May Allah accept [good deeds] from you and us” or “May Allah accept [this worship] from you and us”) You could also say EID MUBARAK عيد مبارك (Have a blessed celebration)
The day of An-Nahr is also known as Eid-al-Adha, meaning the festival of Sacrifice and it is one of the two festivals Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ has granted to the of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ . Anas رضي الله عنه narrated: ‘Allah’s Messenger came to Madinah and the people of Madinah in the days of Jahiliyyah had two days of play and amusement. So, Allah’s Messenger said: “I came to you and you had in Jahiliyyah, two days of play and amusement. Allah has replaced something better for you; the Day of an-Nahr and the day of al-Fitr.’ [Ahmad]
Nothing is more noble to Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ on this day than sacrificing the Qurbani. Say, “Indeed, my prayer, my rites of sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allah, Lord of the worlds.” (Al-An’am 6:162)
On this day what should we do:
It was narrated by Al-Bara’: I heard the Prophet delivering a Khutba saying, ‘The first thing to be done on this day (first day of ‘Id-ul-Adha) is to pray; and after returning from the prayer we slaughter our sacrifice (in the name of Allah) and whoever does so, he has acted according to our Sunnah (traditions). (Bukhari).
- Wake up early and take a Ghusl (bath).
- dress up nicely.
- do not eating anything until after the prayer.
- go to prayer ground early, reciting the Takbir on your way until the beginning of the Salat. Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La illaha illa Allah, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Walillahi l Hamd (Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great there is no God But Allah, Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, and to Allah be praise). (N.B: there are various forms of the Takbir to be recited)
- if possible walk to the prayer ground using two separate routes to and from the prayer ground reciting the Takbir.
- offer Eid Salah in congregation in an open place, except when whether it is not permitting due to factors like rain, snow, etc.
- no Sunnah Salat on the ground of Eid.
- Slaughter a sacrifice if able.
- Exchange gifts, food etc with family and friends.
- Call your Muslim family and friends to wish them Eid Mubarak.
No Muslim is exempted from participating in this festival, (probably except if you are sick) even if you are unable to pray: it was narrated by Um ‘Atiya who said we used to be ordered to come out on the day of ‘Id and even bring out the virgin girls from their houses and menstruating women so that they might stand behind the men and say Takbir along within them and hope for the blessings of that day and for purification of sins. (Bukhari).
This is a day of feasting: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “The day of al-Fitr, and the day of an-Nahr, and the days of Tashreeq (the three days after an-Nahr) are our days of Eid (festivity); and they are days of eating, drinking and remembering Allah.” (Al-Albani) “And remember Allah during the [specified] numbered days.” (Al-Baqarah 2:203) As believers we should eat, drink and remember Allah. Dhikr (remembering Allah) is enjoined during the days of tashreeq in several ways:
- After prescribed prayers reciting takbeer individually
- saying saying Bismillaah and Allaahu akbar when slaughtering the sacrificial animal
- remembering Allah when eating and drinking. It should be a means that help one to remember Allah ﷻ and obey Him. We should eat good food and thank Allah ﷻ for them
- by making dua.
Lastly, fasting is forbidden on these days. The Prophet ﷺ forbade fasting on these days: ‘Do not fast on these days, for they are the days of eating, drinking and remembering Allah.’ [Ahmad]
SLAUGHTERING OF ANIMALS
The slaughtering of the sacrifice should be after the prayer
The sharing of the sacrifice: it should be divided into three parts; one for the family, one for relatives and friends, and one for the poor and needy. It is permissible to keep a part of the Qurbani for eating at home, after the end of the Eid. This is supported by the Hadith narrated by Salama bin Al-Aqua’: the Prophet said whoever has slaughtered a sacrifice should not keep anything of its meet after 3 days’ when it was the next year the people said, :’O Allah’s Apostle! ‘Shall we do as we did last year?’ He said, eat of it and feed of it to others and store of it, for in that year [previous] the people were having a hard time and I wanted you to help the needy. [Bukhari].
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EID GREETINGS IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Offering congratulatory greetings is something we are encouraged to do in Islam. Below is a compilation of Eid Mubarak greetings in different languages. Take time out to greet someone in another language to mark the celebration.
Arabic – عيد مبارك Eid Mubarak
English – have a blessed Eid
Hausa – Barka da Sallah
Iran – Eid muborak shaved
French – Aid Moubarak
Bangladesh – Eider shubheccha
China – Kāizhāi jié kuàilè
Ghana – Ni ti yuun’ palli
Yoruba – A ku odun
Kurdish – Cejna we pîroz be
Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei and Singapore – Selamat Hari Raya
Turkey – Bayramınız kutlu olsun
Bengali – Īda mōbāraka
Afghanistan – Akhtar de nekmregha sha
Spanish – Feliz Eid
Albanian – Gëzuar Bajramin
May Almighty Allah ﷻ keep us alive to witness many more of this celebration, strengthen us in the deen, ease our affairs, count us among the believers who are able to eat, drink and remember Him. (Amen).